How to Maintain Woodworking Machinery
With the continuous development of the furniture industry, our demand for woodworking machinery is also increasing, and we are paying more attention to equipment maintenance, after all, the price of one equipment is not cheap. So in order to make better use of woodworking machinery and extend its service life, we must regularly maintain and repair woodworking machinery.
1. Cleaning of woodworking machinery
After the woodworking machinery is used, the dust shall be removed. If the dust collection effect is good, it can also serve as a cooling machine. Each machine shall be filled with butter, engine oil, gear oil, etc., and the electronic cutting saw shall be used reasonably. The machine shall not exceed the load range. The supporting tools shall be used, and the parts shall not be damaged. Professional personnel shall be appointed to repair it to avoid damage to the mechanical accuracy. In short, the maintenance of the wood machine and the mechanical processing equipment is the same, Each type of wooden machine has its own maintenance method.
The continuous operation time of woodworking machinery is less than 10 hours per day to ensure the cleanliness of the cooling water and the normal operation of the water pump. It is not allowed to cause water shortage in the water-cooled spindle motor. Regularly replace the cooling water to prevent excessive water temperature. Secondly, every time the woodworking machinery is used, attention should be paid to cleaning it up. It is necessary to clean the dust on the platform and transmission system, and regularly (weekly) lubricate and lubricate the transmission system (X.Y.Z three-axis). If woodworking machinery is not used for a long time, it should be refueled regularly (weekly) to ensure the flexibility of the transmission system. Finally, woodworking machinery should regularly (depending on usage) clean the dust inside the electrical box and check if the terminal screws are loose to ensure safe and reliable use of the circuit. Woodworking machinery regularly (depending on usage) checks whether the screws of each component of the machine are loose.
2. Inspect the various operating parts of woodworking machinery
Here, we mainly look at whether there are abnormal noises or noises during the operation of woodworking machinery, as well as whether the woodworking machinery has serious heating conditions. Once problems are found, they should be immediately detected and repaired to ensure that the woodworking machinery is in good working condition.
Here, special attention should be paid to the operation of woodworking machinery and electrical appliances. During the hot summer, civil use such as air conditioners and fans consumes a lot of electricity, which will inevitably lead to insufficient voltage and affect the operation of woodworking machinery and electrical appliances. If the regional voltage is stable and the unit voltage is unstable, it is necessary to consider replacing the cable; In the case of regional voltage instability, it is necessary to consider increasing capacity and replacing cables.
The power consumption of woodworking machinery varies greatly. In the production of furniture, it is necessary to reasonably match machines with varying power sizes and maintain a relative balance of mechanical power consumption per unit time. Just as it is necessary to avoid peak electricity hours to start the machine, this can reduce the occurrence of machine failures due to insufficient power.
3. Lubricating woodworking machinery
We also need to regularly lubricate the woodworking machinery. Maintaining lubrication of the equipment is a very important thing, and only by maintaining a smooth state of the machine can woodworking machinery operate better.
It is worth noting that more oil is not better. Simply put, people add lubricating oil between two friction surfaces to form a thin oil film between them, avoiding direct contact and reducing wear. However, considering that adding lubricating oil is somewhat inappropriate, it is necessary to strictly control the amount of oil added. For example, in reducers, in order to reduce resistance and oil temperature rise during gear movement, the depth of the gear immersed in oil should be 1-2 teeth high, and the amount of oil added should be reduced for high speed gears. For example, when adding lubricating oil to the rolling bearings of each roller in the wet end of the paper machine, it is necessary to be careful not to fill all the bearing chambers, as this will increase the resistance of the bearings during rotation and make them prone to heating. Generally, only 1/3 to 2/3 of the chamber needs to be filled.
The selection of lubricants for different equipment is strictly based on the above principles and experimental results. In general, it cannot be replaced. If replaced arbitrarily, it will damage the lubrication environment of the equipment, cause wear and tear on the machine, and cause economic losses.